Recent Nobel prize awards to Peter Higgs and Francois Englert for their theory about Higgs boson particles prompt us to review whether the existence of one or more universes stems from some boundless, intelligent source or by random occurrence.
Either answer, intelligent design or randomness, may evolve from cultural indoctrination, propaganda, and self-deception–or by critical thought.
When the young Pakistani Malala risked her life to defend the rights of others, she may have exemplified less a prayer of petition, which would presuppose the reality of divine intervention, than a window. To repeat, when she insisted that defense must include not violence, but respect for all persons, she may have functioned as a glass window, transparent enough to allow a force-beyond to shine through. Such a force might include intelligence, justice, beauty, love, and so on.
If you agree, then you may conclude that atheism or agnosticism can be attributed to self-deception and cultural indoctrination as much as can spiritual or religious belief. Conversely, the latter may or may not derive from self-deception and cultural propaganda as much as from a sense of belief and implicit prayer. To affirm or to negate an intelligent force-beyond arguably and ultimately occurs not within the finite and imperfect realms and claims of proven science or established religion, but in the heart of each person. Whatever we decide, should not conclusions be our own, rather than cloned or imposed from outside us? Not to decide is to decide. Agree?